Gaylord Fact Finders Genealogical Society

P.O. Box 1524

Gaylord, Michigan 49734

Volume 19, Number 2                                                                                                                            October, 2005


Officers for 2005-2006: Committees:
President Donna Marrs Obituaries/Vital Records Donna Marrs
Vice President  Patricia Moehring Membership Patricia Moehring
Recording Secretary Mary "Dell" Krueger Social Patricia Moehring
Corresp. Secretary Donna Marrs Newsletter Donna Marrs
Treasurer Jackie Skinner Patricia Moehring
Past-President  Uilani Clifton Inter-Society Liaison  Donna Marrs
MGC Delegates Donna Marrs
These officers and Past-President comprise our executive board. Janet & Don Rechlin
Publications  Sue Giessel
Historian Patricia Moehring
Publisher of "The Keystone" is the Gaylord Fact Finders Genealogical Society, a non-profit organization. Publication is in January, April, July, and October.
Membership dues are $10.00 per individual (or $ 12.00 per family), and are due by the May meeting each year. If the dues have not been received, that member will not receive the July issue of "The Keystone." Regular meetings are held on the third Wednesday of each month (August - November, and March - June) at a place to be determined.

This issue includes Library Corner, photographic processes; early immigrant definitions; Concludes border changes in the Northwest Territory 1787-1837; up-coming events; Membership Roster; Canadian census information on-line; and continues the land-owners of Otsego County, c. 1930.


Call 929.6 Pin; By L.G. Pine
"THE ABILITY to expound a serious subject with a light, sometimes even gay touch is rare, but L. G. Pine, who is a world authority, has exactly this gift.
HE SETS OUT the answers to the host of questions which he has been asked during the many years he has lectured on this subject.
THIS IS AN ANCIENT theme, but one which has many modern day-to-day applications, as the reader will discover in "heraldry, Ancestry and Titles, Questions and Answers."
(from book jacket)


Photographs NOT paper-----
     Daguerreotypes----(1840-1860 and a few to 1870)  Very fine image on highly polished plates.  Appears as a negative if viewed from wrong angle.
     Ambrotypes----(1855-1870)  Image on glass backed with black material.  Looks much like a daguerreotype but not as fine an image, and not on mirror-like surface.
     Tintypes----(1855-1940)  Image on a piece of black enameled trim.  Chocolate brown plates introduced after 1870.

Photographs ON paper-----
     Albumen Prints----(1850-1895)  Rich reddish brown on very thin glossy paper.  Always mounted on cards.  Cabinet size 1866-1900, 4 1/2 x 6 1/2.  Cartes-de-visite 2 1/2 x 4 1/2. mounted, 1860-1890 full length.
     Gelatin Prints----(1888-Present)  Mounted on cards from 1888 to about 1910.  (From "Ashleys of America Quarterly" Vol. 5, Fall, 1974)


HESSIAN - German troops used by the British in the Revolutionary War.
HUGUENOT - French Protestants who fled from religious persecution.  They first went to Prussia, the German Palatinate and then came to America.  Those in the French West Indies escaped to the southeastern coast of America.  Others went to England and Ireland.
LOYALISTS - Those men who sided with the British during the American Revolution, and who settled in Ontario, New Brunswick or Nova Scotia.
MENNONITE - a Swiss Protestant group formed in 1525 who were followers of Minno Simons, which migrated to America by way of Alsace, England and Russia.  They settled primarily in Kansas, Pennsylvania and Minnesota.
MORAVIAN - The United Brethren is a Protestant group formed in Bohemia about 1415 which spread to Poland, Prussia, Germany and England.
PALATINES - In 1688, LOUIS XIV of France began persecuting German Protestants from the west bank on the Rhine River.  Queen Anne of England helped a group to come to America in 1708.  More than 2000 arrived in New York in 1710 and settled along the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers.
QUAKERS - The Society of Friends was formed in England in 1648.  Early restrictions brought them to New Jersey in 1675 and some English Quakers founded Burlington, New Jersey in 1678.  William Penn was granted the territory of Pennsylvania in 1681 and within two years, there were about 3000 Quakers living there.
SCOTS-IRISH - The descendants of the Presbyterian Scots who had been placed in the northern counties of Ireland by British rulers in the early part of the 17th century.  Most came to America from 1718 until the Revolution.  They settled first in Pennsylvania, then moved south, and then westward to the frontier.
WALLOON - Walloons are from southern Belgium.  The language of the Walloons is a dialect of French.  Cornelis May of Flanders, Holland, and about 30 to 40 families came to America in 1624 and established Ft. George.  This town is known as Albany, New York.



#105 Uilani CLIFTON
140 Warren Rd.
Campbellsville, Kentucky 42718

#116 Donna MARRS
4283 Pineview Rd.
Elmira, Michigan 49730

#120 Marleah MUZYL
1023 Kassuba Rd.
Gaylord, Michigan 49735

150 James & Sue GIESSEL, Box #260, Waters, Michigan 49797
989-732-0926 (work 800-444-6711)

162 Helen FRONCZAK, 5821 Tanbark Ct., Gaylord, Michigan 49735

163 Gerald R. GREENE, 2282 Perch Lake Dr., Gaylord, Michigan 4973 5

164 Richard & Mary "Dell" KRUEGER, 3558 Highland, Gaylord, Mi.. 49735

165 Thomas & Patricia MOEHRING, 4548 Hiawatha Tr., Gaylord, Mi.,
49735 989-732-2953

171 Donald & Janet C. RECHLIN, 5160 Greenacre Dr., Frederic, Mi. 49733

172 Jackie M. SKINNER, 117 E. Lincoln, Charlevoix, Michigan 49720
231 -547-4277

174 Donald R. MOSS, 7806 Blue Grass Dr., Parkville, Missouri 64152

178 John J. & Judy M. BINKLEY, Box 834, Lewiston, Michigan 49756
989-785-2149 alma@i2k.

177 Tern HAY, Box #1466, Gaylord, Michigan 49734

178 Maxine MCGIVERN, 10465 Olds Rd., Elmira, Michigan 49730


A bus research trip to Ft. Wayne is being planned for May 30 - June 2 for members of our Gaylord Fact Finders, and members of surrounding genealogical societies who would like to accompany us. Please contact the society if you would care to participate.


August 7 FGS Conference, Ontario, Canada
August 19 "Military Records & Resources" Library of Michigan $10.00
Sept. 28 Traverse City, "Immigration to Michigan" $30.00
Oct. 12 "French-Canadian Resources, Library of Michigan $10.00
Oct. 26 Sandra Hargreaves Lubking at Ann Arbor


CENSUS - The 1930 US census was released on I April, 2002, and will be available at the National Archives in Washington, DC and its 13 regional facilities. Library of Michigan was one of FIVE libraries across the nation who ordered the COMPLETE census, and it is expected at any time., Soundex is available for only 12 Southern states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia. For more information on this census, visit http://www.nara.eov/genealogv/genindex.html#regional/

GENDIS-Michigan Death Index--Has many Michigan death records on-line. Available at



US NATIVE AMERICAN DATA: Cherokee Dawes Enrollment Cards, 1898 - 1914  144,280 records

MICHIGAN History of Michigan counties' creation and dissolution; chart detailing the names, birth dates, death dates, and progeny of counties in the State of Michigan

BIBLES This site has 211 Bibles (so far), most with original scanned images and
transcripts. There is also a summary and full surname index to them.


In 1862 the Homestead Act was passed by Congress allowing settlers to make a claim for free land west of the Alleghenies. This did not include the states of Kentucky, West Virginia, Tennessee, and most of Texas.

To qualify for a homestead the applicant had to take up residence on the land and improve it, be a citizen of the United States, or declare their intention of becoming one, and pay a small registration fee. 

The information on a homestead claim can be found in the courthouse of the county where the land is located. The records themselves are held by the National Archives, and in order to locate the file, you have to have the legal description of the land and the patent case file number.

Union veterans of the Civil War, who had served 14 days or more during the war, automatically meet the age requirement of 21. The Confederate veteran was not allowed to apply until 1867. In 1872 the 5-year residency requirement was modified to allow a Civil War Vet with 90 days service to apply up to four years towards residency.

The application at the Archives is in 2 series, one for those completed, and the other for those uncompleted. They date from 1863 - 1908. The completed file contains the application, a certificate of publication of intention to make a claim, homestead proof (2 witnesses and claimant testimony), final certificate authorizing the claimant to obtain patent and a copy of the naturalization proceedings or discharge certificate when appropriate.


Bureau of Land Management
Eastern States Office 
350 S. Pickett St. 
Alexandria, Virginia 22304
(Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi,  Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin) 

Bureau of Land Management
P.0. Box 1828
Cheyenne, Wyoming 82001
(Wyoming, Kansas, Nebraska)
Bureau of Land Management
P.0. Box 2695
Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501
(New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma)
Bureau of Land Management
P.0. Box 30157
Billings, Montana 49101
(Montana and the Dakotas)


National Archives
Reference Branch
General Archives Division
Washington, D. C. 20408
(There probably is a fee for this)

WORLD WAR I SELECTIVE SERVICE RECORDS are often overlooked as a source of genealogical information. Most male residents of the United States born between 1873 and 1900 were required to register for the draft. However, some did not actually serve in the war. The registration cards contain information about birth date, race, citizenship, occupation, employer, nearest relative and marital status. The cards have been microfilmed and are held by the NATIONAL ARCHIVES - ATLANTA BRANCH, 1557 ST, JOSEPH AVE., EAST POINT, GEORGIA 30044. Information is filed by State and thereunder by the Draft Board. Requests for information must include a complete name and address of the person at the time of the draft. There is a fee for copies of the information.

#177 John I & Judy M. Binkley, Box 823, Lewiston, Michigan 49756
989-785-2149 alma(g)
Researching Chisholm, Binkley, Beach, Richmond

#178 Terri Hay, Box #1466, Gaylord, Michigan 49734
Researching Hay, Theisen, Esper, Colyen, Mardis

#179 Maxine McGivern, 10465 Olds Rd., Elmira, Michigan 49730
Researching McCracken, Sprolls, Carroll


The records you need for your family history were in the courthouse that burned.

John, son of Thomas, the immigrant whom your relatives claim as immigrant ancestor, died on board ship at the age of 12.

The public ceremony in which your distinguished ancestor participated when the platform under him collapsed, turned out to be a hanging.

Records show that the grandfather, whom the family boasted, "He read the Bible at four years and graduated from college at sixteen," was at the foot of his class.

Your grandmother's maiden name for which you've searched for years was on an old letter in a box in the attic all the time.

When at least you have solved the mystery of the skeleton in the closet, the tightlipped spinster aunt claimed, "I could have told you that all the time"

You never asked your father about his family because you were not interested in genealogy while he was alive.

The family story your grandmother wrote for the family never got past the typist. She packed it away "somewhere" and promised to send a copy, but never did.

The relative who had all the family photographs gave them to her daughter, who had no interest in genealogy and no inclination to share.

A great-uncle changed his surname because he was teased in school. He moved away, left no address, and was never heard from again.

Brittle old newspapers containing the information you desired have fallen apart on the names and dates and places.

The only record you find for your great-grandfather is that his property was sold at a sheriff's sale for insolvency.

The portion of the index you need is continued in the next issue, only the publisher died prior to publication.

When you find the obituary for your grandmother, the information is garbled. Her name is exchanged with her daughters, the whereabouts of her sons are unknown, and the date for her father's birth indicates that he was younger than she.

The only surname not found among the three billion in the Mormon Archives is yours.

The vital records director sends you a negative reply, having just been insulted by a creep calling himself a genealogist.

The 4-Volume, 4,800 page history of the county where your great-grandfather lived is not indexed.

(Copyright 1993 Heritage Quest, Box #329, Bountiful, Utah)

An archaeologist is the best husband a woman can have—the older she gets, the more interested he is in her!

Archaeologists will date any old thing.

Indian blood is like gold---no matter how thinly it is spun, it still shines as brightly.